Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4
one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacherrecall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbersrecall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tablesrecall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signswrite and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methodsuse place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers
show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannotsolve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objectsrecognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations
solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contextsmultiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects