Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4
read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signssolve problems with addition and subtraction using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measuresadd and subtract numbers mentally, including a three-digit number and onesadd and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate
represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20solve problems with addition and subtraction applying his/her increasing knowledge of mental and written methodsadd and subtract numbers mentally, including a three-digit number and tensestimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zerorecall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100add and subtract numbers mentally, including a three-digit number and hundredssolve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 =? - 9add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including a two-digit number and onesadd and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction
add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including a two-digit number and tensestimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers
add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including two two-digit numberssolve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction
add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including adding three one-digit numbers
show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot
recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems