Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4
compare, describe and solve practical problems for lengths and heights e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/halfchoose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vesselsmeasure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)Convert between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute
compare, describe and solve practical problems for mass/weight e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter thancompare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapesmeasure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
compare, describe and solve practical problems for capacity and volume e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarterrecognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular valueadd and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contextsfind the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
compare, describe and solve practical problems for time e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, laterfind different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of moneytell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocksestimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence
read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and wordssolve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving changeestimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o'clock, a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnightread, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks
measure and begin to record mass/weightcompare and sequence intervals of timeknow the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap yearsolve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days
measure and begin to record capacity and volumetell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these timescompare durations of events e.g. to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks
measure and begin to record capacity and volumetell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these timescompare durations of events e.g. to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks
measure and begin to record time (hours, minutes, seconds)remember the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day
recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
sequence events in chronological order using language e.g. before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening
recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times